以一些最新的生理測量科技如腦電圖(EEG, Electroencephalography)、功能性磁振造影（fMRI, functional magnetic resonance imaging）等儀器去測量正念/觀照/覺性的效果，比較有修習及沒有修習正念/觀照/覺性、或修習前後的人的大腦電波及大腦掃描圖像等的不同，藉此研究其運作機制：
Attending to the present - mindfulness meditation reveals distinct neural modes of self-reference
Meditation experience is associated with increased cortical thickness
Mindfulness training and neural integration - differentiation of distinct streams of awareness and the cultivation of well-being
Mindfulness training modifies subsystems of attention
Psychobiology of mindfulness
The psychological and neurophysiological concomitants of mindfulness forms of meditation
Typologies of attentional networks
Mindfulness psychometric scale:
2001 Measuring Mindfulness in Insight Meditation
Assessment of mindfulness by self-report
Construct validity of the five facet mindfulness questionnaire in meditating and nonmeditating samples
Initial psychometric properties of the Experiences Questionnaire - Validation of a self-report measure of decentering
Measuring mindfulness - the freiburg mindfulness inventory (FMI)
Mindfulness Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS).doc
The benefits of being present - Mindfulness and its role in psychological well-being
The Toronto mindfulness scale - Development and validation
Using self-report assessment methods to explore facets of mindfulness
Mindfulness + Taiji / Tai Chi:
A Comprehensive Review of Health Benefits of Qigong and Tai Chi
Comprehensive therapeutic benefits of Taiji - a critical review
Developing Mindfulness in College Students Through Movement-Based Courses - Effects on Self-Regulatory Self-Efficacy, Mood, Stress, and Sleep Quality
Tai Chi and Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction in a Boston Public Middle School
The effects of Tai Chi Chuan relaxation and exercise on stress responses and well-being - An overview of research
Cultivating mindfulness in health care professionals - A review of empirical studies of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR)
Mindful emotion regulation - An integrative review
Mindfulness Research Update - 2008
Mindfulness training as a clinical intervention - A conceptual and empirical review
Mindfulness-based approaches with children and adolescents - A preliminary review of current research in an emergent field
Mindfulness-based psychotherapies - a review of conceptual foundations, empirical evidence and practical considerations
Mindfulness-based stress reduction and health benefits - A meta-analysis
Mindfulness definitions, constructs and mechanisms:
A multi-method examination of the effects of mindfulness on stress attribution, coping, and emotional well-being
Addressing fundamental questions about mindfulness
An empirical study of the mechanisms of mindfulness in a mindfulness‐based stress reduction program
Beyond Me - Mindful Responses to Social Threat
Buddhism Western Psychology - Fundamentals of Integration
Clarifying the construct of mindfulness in the context of emotion regulation and the process of change in therapy
Cultivating mindfulness - effects on well‐being
Everyday mindfulness and mindfulness meditation - Overlapping constructs or not
Mechanisms of mindfulness
Mindfulness - A proposed Operational Definition
Mindfulness - Theoretical foundations and evidence for its salutary effects
Mindfulness Training and Problem Formulation
Mindfulness‐Based Interventions in Context - Past, Present, and Future
Operationalizing mindfulness without unnecessary attachments
Perils and promise in defining and measuring mindfulness - Observations from experience
Psychological functioning in a sample of long-term practitioners of mindfulness meditation
Relationships between mindfulness practice and levels of mindfulness, medical and psychological symptoms and well-being in a mindfulness-based stress reduction program
The effects of mindfulness meditation on cognitive processes and affect in patients with past depression
The Role of Mindfulness in Positive Reappraisal
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